Cleaning & Preparing For Shabbat

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Cleaning The House For Shabbat 🗑️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What is the proper way to clean/prepare the house for shabbat?


Answer:

It is a mitzvah to clean the floor before Shabbat in honor of Shabbat. [1]


One should polish the silverware, set the beds, table and other items, such as timers for air conditioning or lighting in the house in order that everything should be set and prepared upon entering home from synagogue. [2]

According to Kabbalah, specifically the woman should set the table for Shabbat. However, it is proper for the man to also help his wife set up the table. [3]

Similarly, all of the tables in the house which are used for eating should be covered with a table cloth from the beginning of Shabbat until after Havdallah. The table should also have a table cloth that was not normally used throughout the week. [4]

Furthermore, it is proper to also put the challot and the wine on the table when preparing the table before Shabbat and leave them there until Kiddush. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 31.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 262:1; Aruch HaShulchan 262:1; Birkei Yosef 262:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 32; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 109.

[3]. Chessed LaAlafim 262:2 states that some say the man should set the table since it is a mitzvah. However, the Ben Ish Chai, Vayera, 2:17 and the Kaf HaChaim 262:21 state in the name of the Tikkunei Zohar that the woman of the house should set the table. In any case, the Ben Ish Chai adds that the man should help out as well and do at least a minimal preparation of the table in honor of Shabbat. See also in Petach HaDevir, 300:3.

[4]. Rama 262:1; Mishnah Berurah 261:4; Biur Halachah, §262, “Yesader Shulchano”; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, book 1, p. 384; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 114.

[5]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 115.


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