Good Food On Shabbat

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Good Food On Shabbat 🍲



״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Is one obligated to eat meat on Shabbat?


Answer:

It is a proper to honor the Shabbat by having meat, wine and other special dishes. [1] However, one is not obligated to buy more than one can afford for Shabbat. [2]


Even though one’s livelihood for the year is determined on Rosh Hashanah, the Gemara (Betzah,16a) states that one who spends money on Shabbat does not detract from the money that was allotted to him on Rosh HaShanah. [See Footnote 3]


One who cannot afford food for Shabbat is permitted to borrow money even if it is lent on interest (if it is ribbit d’rabbanan ) [4]


Similarly, It is customary to buy flowers in the honor of Shabbat. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 250:2. See in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, book 1, p. 48, who explains that there is no obligation to buy meat for Shabbat, however, one who does buy meat it praiseworthy as it is considered a way of honoring the Shabbat.

[2]. See in Sefer Chassidim §863, who states that one should not buy items for Shabbat that one will come to arguing with one’s spouse because of the costs.

[3]. See in Midrash Rabba (Vayikra, §30) who adds that this is also the case for what one spends on Rosh Chodesh. The Mishnah Berurah 242:4 also quotes the Tur in saying that this also includes what one spends for Yom Tov or money spent on providing one’s sons with a Torah education. The Pesiktah D’Rav Kahana

§28 also states that whatever one spends in the honor of Shabbat, Hashem will repay. The Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, book 1, p. 64 in footnote 18 adds that even money which was spent of having guests on Shabbat is included in the money that Hashem will reimburse for.

[4]. Magen Avraham 252:2; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 5; Levyat Chen, §1; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p.

49.

[5]. Siddur Yaabatz p. 604; See in Kaf HaChayim, Palagi, 36:2 who specifies that one should bring roses. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 3, p. 726 who states that if one is placing the flowers on the table, one should be cautious that bugs should not fall on the food from the flowers.


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