Learning or Preparing For Shabbat

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Learning Or Preparing For Shabbat 📖


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Who should prepare for shabbat?

Should one who is busy learning take time off of his/her learning to prepare for shabbat?


Answer:

First I would like to mention that the sweat one exerts when going shopping and preparing for Shabbat has the ability to erase one’s sins. [1]


Although there are many people who can shop and prepare for Shabbat on one’s behalf such as one’s wife or children, cleaning help or other, one must still prepare something for Shabbat on one’s own in order to show honor to the mitzvah of Shabbat. [See Footnote 2]


Even one who learns Torah all day should minimise his learning in order to prepare for Shabbat. [3] However, one who has a specific time allotted for learning and will not become distracted and forget to prepare for Shabbat properly and he will have enough time remaining to be able to prepare what he needs for Shabbat, then one does not have to minimize his learning. [4]


Furthermore; on erev Shabbat it is praiseworthy to repent from one’s sins in order to accept the Shabbat in a pure state. [5]


Erev Shabbat is a time where the Satan wants to cause strife between man and wife. As a segulah for protection for the coming week, one should be extra careful to not get upset or into an argument on erev Shabbat. [6]


Sources:

[1]. Shaarei Teshuvah 250:2; Machazik Berachah 250:1; Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha, 2:4; Kaf HaChaim, Palagi, 27:11; Kaf HaChaim, Sofer, 250:5

[2]. The Gemara in mesechet Shabbat 119a states that there was many Amoraim who had made a point to do various preparations for Shabbat by themselves in order to honor the Shabbat. From this we learn the importance of every person to prepare something for the honor of Shabbat. See also in Rambam, Shabbat, 30:6; Shulchan Aruch 250:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 16; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 436.

[3]. Rama 251:2; Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha, 2:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 18; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 6. Biur Halachah §260, “Mitzvah,” states that this includes stopping learning in order to wash and bath in honor for Shabbat. See also in Yabia Omer, vol. 5, O.C. 41:2 and Chazon Ovadia, ibid. p. 25.

[4]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 427.

[5]. Be’er Hetev 250:1; Pri Megadim, M.Z. 250:2; Mishnah Berurah, 250:3; Kaf HaChaim 250:11; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, book 1, p. 385 in the name of the Reshit Chochmah, Shaar Hakedushah 7:98.

[6]. Sefer Chassidim §863; Moreh BaEtzba 4:140; Kaf HaChaim, Palagi, 27:35; Ben Ish Chai, Vayera 2:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 20. See also in sefer Benayahu, Shabbat, 119a.


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