Chodesh Nissan

The Daily Halacha Moment - Chodesh Nissan ✡️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What are some customs for the month of Nissan?


Answer:

Chodesh Tov Umevorach! 😁


It is customary to allocate charity to assist needy members of the community in purchasing their supplies for Pesach. [See footnote 1]


Tachanun and Tzidkatecha on Shabbat are omitted from the tefillot beginning from Rosh Chodesh Nissan. Since the majority of the days of

Nissan have the status of a Yom Tov, in which Tachanun is not recited, the rest of the month is considered to have the same status. [2]


It is customary during the first twelve days of Nissan to read the section of the offerings brought by the Nesiim. On each day, one should read the pesukim that refer to the offering that was brought that day. [3]


Sources:

[1]. This custom was originally known as kimcha d’Pischa, (lit. flour for Pesach). In earlier times, everyone in the community would donate flour to the poor people in the community so that they would have matzot for Pesach. The Mishnah Berurah 429:6 and Kaf HaChaim 429:16 note that everyone is obligated in this custom, even Torah scholars. The reason for this is that a person cannot truly experience joy when he knows that there are widows, orphans, and poor members of his community who are unable to properly celebrate the holiday. Thus, in order to fulfill the mitzvah of rejoicing on Yom Tov, one must have provided assistance to the poor beforehand. As such, the requirement to give charity before Yom Tov is one of the laws of Yom Tov, and not part of the standard mitzvah of charity. See also Rama 429:1; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 5:1; and Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 88. Halichot Shlomo, Pesach, p. 30 and Shalmei Moed, p. 310 add that one may use money set aside for maaser as kimcha d’pischa.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 429:2; Mishnah Berurah §7; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 2; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 57. Kaf HaChaim 131:37; Pri Chadash 131:1; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 8; and Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 5:1 point out that Sepharadim do not recite LaMenatze’ach, which is said before U’Va LeTzion, throughout the month of Nissan. This is unlike the view of the Rama §2, which states that LaMenatze’ach is omitted only on erev Pesach.

[3]. Eliyah Rabbah 429:6; Shulchan Aruch HaRav 429:15; Mishnah Berurah 429:8; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 5:1; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 3; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 84. Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 86 points out that if the people in the minyan can only read the parashah of the Nesiim or learn a few halachot after praying (perhaps because they are in a rush to get to work), then they should learn the halachot.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson.


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