Candle for Bedikat Chametz

The Daily Halacha Moment - Candle for Bedikat Chametz🕯️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What type of candle should one use for Bedikat Chametz?

May one use a flashlight?


Answer:

Bedikat Chametz must be performed by the light of a candle. [1]

The candle used for bedikah must have only one wick; a multi-wicked candle or oil lamp may not be used. [2]

If one used a multi-wicked candle for the bedikah, one must perform the bedikah again with a regular candle, [3] but a new berachah should not be recited. [4]

One may use a flashlight when performing bedikat chametz. [5] However, it is ideal to begin the bedikah with a candle and switch to a flashlight after checking a few spots. [6]


Similarly, Although the bedikah must be performed with a candle, it is not necessary to turn off the lights in one’s home, and it is even preferable to

leave them on. [7]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 433:1.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 433:3. See also Kaf HaChaim §18 and Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38, which point out that if the candle has two wicks that are intertwined within one candle, it is not considered a prohibited torch for bedikat chametz. However, if the two wicks are separated and only the flames are connected, one may not use it for bedikat chametz. See also Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 369.

[3]. Magen Avraham 433:5; Birkei Yosef §6; Shulchan Aruch HaRav §9; Chayei Adam 119:8; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38.

[4]. Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38.

[5]. See Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38 and Yabia Omer 4:40, which state that one may use a flashlight if he does not have a a candle with one wick; one may even recite a berachah when using a flashlight. See more on this subject in Yalkut Yosef, Pesach vol. 1, p. 371; Shalmei Moed, p. 312; and Halichot Shlomo, Pesach, p. 110. Rivevot Ephraim 3:59 states in the name of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein that there are even times when it is better to check with a flashlight, since a flashlight can search places where one would be afraid to search with a candle, such as under a bed. See also Shevet HaLevi 1:131, which states a similar halachah.

[6]. This is to satisfy all views, such as Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:8, which says that one may not recite a berachah on a flashlight, and one should specifically only use a candle. Furthermore, according to Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38, it seems that one may only use a flashlight when one does not have a candle, or cannot search a certain area with a candle.

[7]. Halichot Shlomo, ch. 5, p. 110, in footnote 57; Shalmei Moed, p. 312; Mishneh Halachot 15:9; Shevet HaLevi 1:136; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:7; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 40; Yabia Omer, vol. 9, 101:4; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 384. See also Ashrei HaIsh, vol. 3, 54:22.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson pp. 54-55.


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