Community Missed Torah Reading

Updated: Jan 25

The Daily Halacha Moment - A Community that Missed a Week of Torah Reading 📜


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What should be done if a community missed a week of Torah Reading? (this was very common during the peak of covid when our shuls were closed)


Answer:

A community that was not able to read the sefer torah in the synagogue one week, such as if a mistake was found in the sefer torah, must read two parashiyot in the next week. In such a case, the Aliyah of kohen should read the entire parashah that was missed, and at least the first three pesukim of the current week’s parashah. [1] Similarly, two parashiyot must be read the next week if the community mistakenly read only one parashah on a week that there were two parashiyot that were supposed to be read.[2] The community must read the parashah that was missed even if they missed a week that there were two parashiyot together, in which case, three parashiyot would be read on the following week.[3] However, if the community missed two different weeks one after the other, then on the third week, they only must read the most previous parashah and the parashah of the present week, and not three parashiyot.[4]

Furthermore, even if a community missed a parashah and had to read two parashiyot on the next week, only the haftarah of the current week should be recited, and one should not recite the one

that was missed.[5] However, if one missed a haftarah during the weeks of the Ben HaMetzarim, then one must read the haftarah that was missed in addition to the current weeks haftarah.[6]


Sources:

[1]. Rama 135:2; Yabia Omer, vol. 4, O.C., 17:6; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 314; ibid., vol. 2, p. 329 and 334; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 89.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 333.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, pp. 331-333. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 93.

[4]. See Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 93 who states that there are those who do not obligate one who missed, for instance, Parashat Ki Tisa, since the next week is a double parashah of Vayakhel and Pekudei.

[5]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 334.

[6]. LeDavid Emet 9:4; Kaf HaChaim 135:7; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 335; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 95.


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