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Customs of Kabalat Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Kabalat Shabbat ๐Ÿ“™


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Question:

What are some customs of Kabalat Shabbat?


Answer:

It is proper to pray Kabbalat Shabbat while it is still day, and recite at least โ€œBoee Kallah,โ€ at the end of Lecha Dodi, before shkiyah (so that one should fulfill Tosefet Shabbat as mentioned in a previous Halacha Moment). [1] It is praiseworthy to recite Kabbalat Shabbat along with a minyan of people. [2]


It is customary to recite โ€œMizmor LeDavid Havuโ€ (Tehillim, chap. 29) before Lecha Dodi. Afterward, one should recite Lecha Dodi, โ€œMizmor Shir LeYom HaShabbatโ€ (Tehillim, chap. 99) and โ€œHashem Malachโ€ (Tehillim, chap. 93) [3]


Some communities, Sephardim and Ashkenazim, begin Kabbalat Shabbat with several other chapters in Tehillim (chapters, 95-100, beginning with โ€œLechu Neranenahโ€).[4] Some communities also add โ€œAnah BaKoachโ€ after Mizmor LeDavid. [5]


It is customary among Ashkenazim that the chazzan should wear a tallit when reciting Kabbalat Shabbat. However, Sephardim do not have this custom. Teimanim, on the other hand, have the custom that everyone wears a tallit during the teffilot of Friday night. [6]


Sources:

[1]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 144.

[2]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 2, p. 451, in the name of Halachot Ketanot 1:52.

[3]. Kaf HaChaim 262:32 in the name of the Arizal in Shaar Hakavanot, p. 64. See also in Aruch HaShulchan

262:2 and in Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 145.

[4]. See in Seder HaYom, Seder Kabbalat Shabbat. See also in Aruch HaShulchan 267:2 who brings several reasons for reciting these chapters of Tehillim.

[5]. Yafeh LaLev, vol. 7, ยง267; Aruch HaShulchan 267:2: Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 146.

[6]. The custom of Teimanim is based in the Rambam, Shabbat, 30:2 who states that one should wear a tallit

when accepting Shabbat. The Kaf HaChaim 18:2 mentions this custom as well. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 1, p. 368 and Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 2, p. 461.


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