Cutting Hair & Shabbat

Updated: Feb 9

The Daily Halacha Moment - Cutting Hair & Shabbat 💇


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one cut one's hair on Shabbat?

What is considered Gozez with regards to Hair?


Answer:

Merely cutting two hairs with scissors or other cutting instrument is prohibited as a toldah of the melachah of Gozez. [1]

Similarly, if one cuts one white or grey hair that is between black hairs, he also violates the prohibition of Gozez. [2] However, cutting only one hair, even with an instrument is rabbinically prohibited. [3] Furthermore, any method of hair removal, even by

hand, is at least rabbinically prohibited. This includes:

a. Tweezing a hair.

b. Using any type of hair remover. [4]

c. Pulling a hair from one’s beard.


Similarly, It does not matter if one is cutting one’s own hair or someone else’s, it is nevertheless prohibited. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Mesechet Shabbat 94b; Rosh 10:3; Rambam, Shabbat, 9:8; Shulchan Aruch 340:1; Ben Ish Chai, Ki Tisa 2:14.

[2]. Rambam, Shabbat 9:9; Shulchan Aruch 340:1. Doing so is also prohibited for a man to do during the weekday, since it is considered a violation of the prohibition of “Lo yilbash” – the prohibition of wearing clothing or doing acts that are common for women.

[3]. Biur Halachah, siman 340 “Afilu”; Kaf HaChaim 340:5; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 232.

[4]. See in Yabia Omer, vol. 4, O.C. 34:18; Maor Yisrael, vol. 1, p. 103 who state that this is even a biblical prohibition. See also in Har Tzvi, Y.D. 144 and Minchat Yitzchak, vol. 1, 64:14.

[5]. Erech HaShulchan 340:1; Kaf HaChaim 340:1.


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