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The Melachah Of Gozez - Shearing

Updated: Feb 9, 2022

The Daily Halacha Moment - Gozez - Shearing 🐑

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


What is the Melachah of Gozez?


The Melachah of Gozez is shearing.

Wool was required in the Mishkan for the curtains, which were made of specially dyed wool. To produce this wool, it was necessary to shear the fleece from a sheep. There are many other applications of this melachah, such as severing or uprooting any growing part of the body of any creature or even human being.[1] Even shearing wool or hair from an animal that is dead is prohibited on Shabbat. [2]

According to Torah law, one may not shear the amount of wool that can make four tefachim of string. However, it is rabbinically prohibited to do even less than that. [3] Over the next couple of days we will be discussing more practical Halachot regarding the Melachah of Gozez.


[1]. Shulchan Aruch 340:1.

[2]. Mishnah Berurah 340:5. See also in Yabia Omer, 5:30.

[3]. See in Kaf HaChaim 340:4 and in Mishnah Berurah 340:5 for the differing opinions.

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