Kiddush Before Mussaf On Rosh HaShanah

The Daily Halacha Moment - Kiddush Before Mussaf & Rosh HaShanah 🍷


‎״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one recite kiddush before Mussaf on Rosh HaShanah?


Answer:

Many yeshivot and synagogues make Kiddush between Shacharit and Mussaf. One should preferably refrain from eating until after Mussaf, however, if one is hungry and will have trouble concentrating during Mussaf and the tekiot since the prayers are very lengthy, he may recite Kiddush. However, one may only eat up to about fifty grams of mezonot, while he may have as many fruits and drinks as he likes. One who recited Kiddush before Mussaf must still recite Kiddush again later that day before his meal (since he did not eat enough earlier to be kove’ah seudah). [1]


Sources:

[1]. See Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Nora’im, p. 111; Torat HaMoadim, Yamim Nora’im, p. 118; Yalkut Yosef, Moadim, p. 52; ibid., Yamim Nora’im, pages 284–289; and ibid., Shabbat, vol. 1, book 4, p. 577, which state that one who needs to may recite Kiddush and eat. See also Shemesh U’Magen 3:23 & 3:57, 4, which says that the Sepharadic custom is to refrain from making Kiddush and eating until after Mussaf.

See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 4:4; Shalmei Moed, pages 37 & 39; Halichot Shlomo, Yamim Nora’im, ch. 2, footnote 3; Mishneh Halachot 5:74; Tzitz Eliezer 6:7 & 7:32; Sdei Chemed, Rosh HaShanah 2:31; and Piskei Teshuvot 585:2.

(See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson)


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