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Kiddush Before Mussaf On Rosh HaShanah

Updated: Sep 12, 2023

The Daily Halacha Moment - Kiddush Before Mussaf On Rosh HaShanah ๐Ÿท


โ€Žืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)


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Question:

May one recite kiddush before Mussaf on Rosh HaShanah?


Answer:

Many yeshivot and synagogues make Kiddush between Shacharit and Mussaf. One should preferably refrain from eating until after Mussaf, however, if one is hungry and will have trouble concentrating during Mussaf and the tekiot since the prayers are very lengthy, he may recite Kiddush. However, one may only eat up to about fifty grams of mezonot, while he may have as many fruits and drinks as he likes. One who recited Kiddush before Mussaf must still recite Kiddush again later that day before his meal (since he did not eat enough earlier to be koveโ€™ah seudah). [1]


Adapted From R' Yonatan Nacsons "Laws Of The Holidays"

Sources:

[1]. See Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 111; Torat HaMoadim, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 118; Yalkut Yosef, Moadim, p. 52; ibid., Yamim Noraโ€™im, pages 284โ€“289; and ibid., Shabbat, vol. 1, book 4, p. 577, which state that one who needs to may recite Kiddush and eat. See also Shemesh Uโ€™Magen 3:23 & 3:57, 4, which says that the Sepharadic custom is to refrain from making Kiddush and eating until after Mussaf.

See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 4:4; Shalmei Moed, pages 37 & 39; Halichot Shlomo, Yamim Noraโ€™im, ch. 2, footnote 3; Mishneh Halachot 5:74; Tzitz Eliezer 6:7 & 7:32; Sdei Chemed, Rosh HaShanah 2:31; and Piskei Teshuvot 585:2.


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