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May One Eat a Big Meal On Erev Shabbat?

The Daily Halacha Moment - Eating on Friday🍲

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


I heard that one should not eat a big meal on Friday before Shabbat is this true?

And if yes, why?


One may not eat a large meal on erev Shabbat that one is not accustomed to eating on a regular day. This is prohibited in order to honor Shabbat by being hungry and eating at the Shabbat meal instead. One who wants to eat a regular meal, as he would eat on a regular day may not do so beginning from the ninth halachic hour of the day. [1]

All types of fruit, vegetables, meat, dairy products, or drinks are permitted to be eaten throughout the day even if one eats large amounts. It should be stressed, however, that one should not eat too much, even of permitted foods, before Shabbat in order to have room to be able to properly enjoy the Shabbat meal and fulfill the mitzvah properly. This is also the case for one who gets full very easily. [2] Similarly, one should not drink alcoholic beverages on erev Shabbat, so that one does not get drunk or too sick to be able to enjoy and fulfill the Shabbat meal.[3]

A seudat mitzvah is permitted on erev Shabbat, but preferably it should be done in the morning hours, in order to not be too full to eat on Shabbat. [4]


[1]. See in Shulchan Aruch 249:2; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 32. The Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 381 adds that a “regular meal” is considered eating less than a kebetzah of bread (being about 50 grams of bread) or three kebetzot of any dish made from the five grains. Halachah Berurah, p. 388, also points out that some people are stringent and even have the custom to not eat a meal beginning from chatzot.

[2]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 382.

[3]. Kaf HaChaim, 249:9.

[4]. Rama 249:2; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 33; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 393.

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