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No Minyan For Selichot

The Daily Halacha Moment - No Minyan For Selichot📖

‎״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


May one recite selichot without a minyan?


Ideally one should recite Selichot with a minyan. However, When reciting Selichot without a minyan, one may recite the Thirteen Middot, provided that he recites them with the tune from the Torah reading. [1]

When reciting Selichot alone, one is not required to complete the pasuk for the Thirteen Middot ( venakeh lo yenakeh). [2]

One who cannot recite Selichot with a minyan should refrain from saying the Aramaic parts. [3] They are as follows:

1) רחמנא

2) דעני לעניי

3) מרנא דבשמיא

4) מחי ומסי

Ashkenazim have different paragraphs one should follow one's custom.


[1]. This is the view of the Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 565:5, which states that one may not recite the Thirteen Middot unless they are recited with derech keriah be’alma, with the tune and cantillations of the Torah reading. See Palagi,_ Ruach Chaim_ 131:1; Ben Ish Chai, Ki Tisa 1:9; Rav Pe’alim 1:11; and Kaf HaChaim 131:23. See also Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Nora’im, p. 27; Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Nora’im, p. 33; and Torat HaMoadim, Yamim Nora’im, p. 8. This is unlike Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 1:2, which states that one should omit the Thirteen Middot entirely.

[2]. Chacham Ovadia Yosef writes in_ Yechaveh Daat_ 1:47; Yabia Omer, vol. 9, 108:69; Halichot Olam vol. 1, p. 241; and Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Nora’im, p. 30 is that one does not have to complete the pasuk, since it is clear that one is only reciting the Thirteen Middot as a supplication, which may be said even without a minyan, since he is also reciting the phrase with the cantillation melody. This is also the opinion of Rabbi Raphael Baruch Toledano in his Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, p. 122, Nefilat Apayim §21. See also Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Nora’im, p. 39 and Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, 131:9.

[3]. Torah Lishmah §49; Yechaveh Daat 3:43; Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Nora’im, p. 11; Torat HaMoadim, Yamim Nora’im, p. 8; and Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Nora’im, p. 40.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson

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