Parashat Zachor

The Daily Halacha Moment - Parashat Zachor📜


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What is Parashat Zachor?

Who is obligated in the Mitzvah of Parashat Zachor?

What should one do if one is in quarantined and won't be able to attend a shul?


Answer:

During the 4 weeks of Adar we read 4 special Parashiot one of them being Parashat Zachor.

We read Parshat Zachor the week before Purim to remember the mitzvah of detstroying Amalek in proximity to the story of purim since Haman was from the offspring of Amalek (See Rashi in Masechet Megillah 29a).


Parashat Zachor should be read from the most mehuddar sefer Torah one can find. This is because, according to most poskim, reading parashat Zachor is an obligation from the Torah, and must be done very carefully. [1]


Men have a biblical obligation in listening to Parashat Zachor.

Women, too, should listen to parashat Zachor read from a sefer Torah. However, if a woman is very busy taking care of her children and there is no other way for her to attend the Torah reading, she is exempt. [2]


One who was unable to hear parashat Zachor read in the synagogue due to being quarantined should read it himself from a Chumash if he can, and have in mind to fulfill his obligation on the Shabbat when parashat Ki Tetze is read. [3]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 685:7; ibid.,O.C. 146:2; Mishnah Berurah 685:16. See Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 5 and Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 82. See also Yabia Omer O.C 4:17 regarding Parashat Parah.

[2]. Chacham Ovadia Yosef in Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 10, in the footnotes writes that if a woman cannot make it to the synagogue because she was taking care of her children, then she is exempt. However, many communities have a custom to read parashat Zachor again after Shacharit for the women who were unable to listen to the reading during Shacharit. See Yabia Omer, vol. 8, milu’im for siman 54; Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 10, in the footnotes; Minchat Yitzchak 9:68; and Yalkut Yosef, Purim p. 151, which discuss whether such a custom is permissibile. A woman should try to do her utmost to hear at least the second reading of parashat Zachor and not rely on the more lenient views. See also Yechaveh Daat 1:84; Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 135 and on; and Tzitz Eliezer 22:38.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 7; Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 158.

See also Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson pp. 573-575.


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