Pesach Sheni

The Daily Halacha Moment - Pesach Sheni 🍷


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


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Question:

What are some customs done on Pesach Sheni?


Answer:

Tachanun is omitted on the fourteenth of Iyar since it is Pesach Sheni, the day on which those who were impure, and thus unable to bring a Korban Pesach on erev Pesach, could bring their korban. [1]


Some people have the custom to refrain from eating roasted meat on Pesach Sheni. [2]


Some people have the custom to eat matzah on Pesach Sheni.

[3] The Sepharadic custom is to recite a Mezonot on matzah (except during Pesach itself as we've mentioned in a previous Halacha Moment). [See Footnote 4]


Sources:

[1]. Even though many poskim, such as the Pri Megadim in Mishbetzot Zahav 131:15, write that Tachanun should be recited since this is not one of the days mentioned in the Shulchan Aruch as a day to omit Tachanun, the custom for Sepharadim is to omit Tachanun on this day. See Pri Chadash 131:7; ibid. 493:2; Aruch HaShulchan 131:12; Kaf HaChaim 131:98, in the name of the Keneset HaGedolah, Hagahot Bet Yosef 131:12; Halichot Shlomo, Pesach 11:20; and Yalkut Yosef, Tefillah, book 2, siman 36.

[2]. See Rivevot Ephraim 2:138, which states that this is only a stringency, and one may be lenient. See also Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §2, p. 175, which says that one only needs to be stringent not to roast a complete lamb, but other forms of roasting are permitted. For other customs of Pesach Sheni, see Piskei Teshuvot 492:1.

[3]. See Piskei Teshuvot 492:1.

[4]. According to the Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 168:6, dough that has been baked to the degree that it has become dry, hard, and thin is considered pat habaah bekisnin. Though it contains the same ingredients as bread, due to its texture it is normally eaten as a snack, and its berachah is consequentially Mezonot.

Therefore, the Sepharadic custom is to recite a Mezonot on matzah. However, the Ashkenazic custom is to recite HaMotzi on matzah all year long. Machazik Berachah 155:5, Kaf HaChaim 155:43, and Shemesh U’Magen 1:36 & 2:11 point out that even according to the Sepharadic custom, during the year one should either eat 216 grams of matzah so that he may recite a HaMotzi, or eat matzah while eating actual bread. This is because one should preferably try to fulfill the views that one must make a HaMotzi on matzah during the year, as it is sometimes eaten in place of actual bread. See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 12:3; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, pages 61– 64; and Teshuvot HaRishon LeTzion 2:21.

See Laws of The Holidays - Nacson


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