Trapping Dangerous Animals On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Dangerous Animals & Tzad 🐯


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Does the Melachah of Tzad apply to dangerous animals?

May on trap dangerous animals on Shabbat?


Answer:

If an animal or insect can cause serious harm, even if it is not life-threatening, it is permitted to trap them on Shabbat, provided that one is trapping them with the intention to be saved from being injured by the animal or insect. [1]

However, one may not trap a snake in order to use its venom or in order to use its skin, even though the snake is dangerous. [2] That being said, one needs to be honest with himself with regards to what really is dangerous.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 316:7. See also in Yabia Omer, vol. 1, 21:3 and vol. 5, 32:1. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 543 adds that it is permitted to trap an animal, such as a snake, if one is afraid of being bitten, even if the snake is not currently chasing after anybody.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 316:7-8.


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