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Purim Katan

The Daily Halacha Moment - Purim Katan🎭


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What are some customs of Purim Katan?


Answer:

Purim Katan is the fourteenth day of Adar Alef.


Tachanun is not recited on the fourteenth and the fifteenth of Adar Alef.[1]

When the fourteenth of Adar is on Sunday, Tzidkatecha is not recited during Minchah on the Shabbat prior.[2]

One may neither deliver a eulogy nor fast on the fourteenth or fifteenth of Adar Alef.

[3] One may, however, eulogize a talmid chacham on the fourteenth and the fifteenth of Adar Alef.

[4]It is proper to prepare a seudah on Purim Katan (the fourteenth of Adar Alef in open cities, and the fifteenth in walled cities). [5] On the fourteenth and fifteenth of Adar Alef, one does not observe any of the mitzvot of Purim, i.e. keriat haMegillah, matanot la’evyonim, mishloach manot, and seudat Purim.

[6] However, it is praiseworthy to add a dish to one’s regular meal in honor of the day. [7]

An avel on Purim Katan must observe all of the halachot of avelut.[8]

Al HaNissim is not recited on the fourteenth or fifteenth of Adar Alef.[9]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 697:1.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 209, in the footnote.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 697:1.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 670:3. See Yabia Omer, vol. 9, Y.D. §46 and Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 784.

[5]. Rama 697:1. See Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 210.

[6]. Bet Yosef in the name of the Ran. See also Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 789.

[7]. Chazon Ovadia, Purim, p. 209.

[8]. Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 789, in the name of Eliyah Rabbah §1; Pri Megadim, Mishbetzot Zahav §1; Mishnah Berurah 697:3.

[9]. Magen Avraham 697:1; Mishnah Berurah 697:1.

See Laws of the Holidays - Nacson.


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