Squeezing Fruits Onto Food On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Squeezing Fruits On Food On Shabbat 🍇


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one squeeze fruits onto food on Shabbat?


Answer:

One is permitted to squeeze a cluster of grapes into a pot that contains a cooked dish in order to enhance the food. Since the liquid will be absorbed by the food, it is tantamount to separating food from food and not considered squeezing a liquid out of a food. [1]


One may only squeeze a fruit onto a food if there is more food present than the juice being squeezed onto it such that the juice would be absorbed by the food. However, if the juice

is not absorbed and merely sits on top of the food, this would be considered separating liquid from solid and would be forbidden on Shabbat. Based on this, it is prohibited to squeeze an orange into a cup with two or three teaspoons of sugar in it in a way that there would be more juice than sugar (when the juice rises over the sugar).[2] Furthermore, squeezing a fruit into an empty vessel with the intention of later pouring the juice into a food is also forbidden, since it is only permitted to do so in a way where the liquid is

immediately absorbed into a solid.[3]


It's good to note, even when squeezing fruit upon a food, it may only be squeezed with one’s hands and not with a utensil.[4]


Excerpted From Yonatan Nacson’s ‘Laws of Shabbat’, vol. 1 p. 341


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 320:4; Ben Ish Chai, Yitro 2:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 137. See Kaf HaChaim 320:26-27; Biur Halachah 320:4, “Habbah” and Chazon Ovadia, ibid., p. 142 who state that it would not be permitted to squeeze a fruit into a liquid, and this leniency only applies to squeezing into a solid.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 138.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 142; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 95.

[4]. See Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 344 and p. 355, footnote 24 who states that using a utensil that is meant for squeezing is an issue of Uvdin d’chol.



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