Who Lights The Menorah

The Daily Halacha Moment - Menorah 🕎


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What is the mitzvah of lighting the Menorah?

Who lights the Menorah?


Answer:

The Gemara states that one who is scrupulous with the kindling of the Chanukah lights will be rewarded with children who are Torah scholars. [1]


There are essentially three levels of observance regarding the mitzvah of lighting the Chanukah lights:

Strictly speaking, the halachah requires one to light one light on each night of Chanukah, in every household. [2]

The second way prescribed is called mehadrin: when lighting mehadrin, each household member lights one light every night. The third, and preferred, method is called mehadrin min hamihadrin, in which one light is lit on the first night, and an additional light is added each subsequent night, until eight lights are lit on the last night. The Ashkenazic custom is for each household member to light mehadrin min hamihadrin.

The Sepharadic custom, however, is only for the head of the household to light mehadrin min hamihadrin on behalf of the household. [3]


Sources:

[1]. Shabbat 23b. See also Shulchan Aruch 671 §1; Mishnah Berurah §1. See Shemesh U’Magen, vol. 2, O.C. §75 and Teshuvot VeHanhagot 2:340.

[2]. Rambam, Hilchot Chanukah 4:1; Shulchan Aruch 671§2; Mishnah Berurah §4.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch and Rama 671 §2; Yedei Chaim §3 and Kaf HaChaim §6

Adapted from the Laws of the Holidays - Nacson


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