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Why do we bless birkat SheHecheyanu on new fruits?

Updated: May 31, 2023

The Daily Halacha Moment - SheHecheyanu 🍇


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Why do we bless birkat SheHecheyanu on new fruits?

On what fruits and vegetables does one recite a SheHecheyanu on?


Answer:

Chazal enacted the Berachah of Shehecheyanu upon eating new fruits and vegetables because it brings a person happiness and one should praise Hashem for the opportunity. Some say even if one doesn’t feel happy about eating a new fruit, one still should make the Beracha. (as we assume that one's happy inside, even if one doesn’t express this externally). [1]


One blesses birkat SheHecheyanu only on fruits or vegetables which are in the market at specific seasons and are not available year round. This is true even if one personally did not eat the fruit for many years. [2]


Similarly, If a tree has two new seasons annually, one should make a SheHecheyanu once a year on them (because of " Safek Berachot Lehakel"). If the tree produces new fruits three or four times a year, one should not make a SheHecheyanu on its fruits at all [3]


Sources:

[1]. Mishnah Berurah 225:10; VeZot HaBerachah, 18:1, Pg. 158.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 225:6; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot Pg. 437; Yalkut Yosef 225:1-2,13.

[3]. Kaf HaChaim 225:42; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, Pg. 437; Halachah Berurah ibid:41;

VeZot HaBerachah, Pg. 159.


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