Wine Fit For Kiddush

Updated: Dec 13, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Wine Fit For Kiddush 🍷


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What type of wine may one use for Kiddush?


Answer:

One should use a full cup[1] of wine for Kiddush (as mentioned in a previous Halacha Moment).

One may only make kiddush on wine that is proper for nisuch on the mizbeach, therefore, malodorous wine may not be used. It is better to use red wine for Kiddush.[2] If only white wine is available then one may make kiddush on it.[3] The Sephardic custom is to give preference to the red wine even if the white wine is of superior quality. [4] If wine tastes like wine but smells like vinegar then it is permissible for making kiddush, but if wine tastes like vinegar but smells like wine then it is prohibited for making kiddush. [5] Mevushal wine and wine that has been sweetened with honey may be used for Kiddush. [6]

Similarly, one may use grape juice for Kiddush.


It's good to note, according to the Sefardic custom any wine which contains more than fifty percent water may not be used for Kiddush. [7] There are many wines marketed today that are formulated according to the ruling if the Rama, who rules that a mixture of wine with much more than fifty percent water is still considered wine and may be used for Kiddush. Sefardic jews may not use those wines. If a Sefardic jew wishes to drink such wine as a beverage he must recite "SheHakol". [8]


Furthermore, one should not make kiddush on wine that has been left open overnight,[9] nevertheless, bediavad one has fulfilled the obligation if he/she made kiddush on it. However, it is permissible to use wine that was left open as long as it was stored in a closet or refrigerator. [10]


Sources:

[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 54.

[2]. See Mishnah Berurah 272:10.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 272:4. See also Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 82; Kaf HaChaim 272:28.

[4]. Chazon Ovadia, Pesach, vol. 2, p. 11.

[5]. Shulchan Aruch 272:1.

[6]. Shulchan Aruch 272:8. See also Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 115.

[7]. See Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 87.

[8]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1 English Edition, p. 234.

[9]. Shulchan Aruch 272:1.

[10]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 78; Kaf HaChaim 272:9; Or LeTzion, vol. 2, 20:17.


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