Interruptions During Kiddush

The Daily Halacha Moment - Interruptions During Kiddush 🗣️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one respond ברוך הוא וברוך שמו during Kiddush?

I spoke during Kiddush, what do I do?


Answer:

When one person recites Kiddush for others, those others may not respond with the phrase ברוך הוא וברוך שמו upon the pronouncing of Hashem's Name. This is the rule whenever a person recites a blessing for someone else: the second person may not respond ברוך הוא וברוך שמו in the middle of the blessing. Because of the principle of Shome'a Ka'oneh (Sukkah 38b), this would be comparable to reciting the blessing itself and interrupting it to add these words in the middle of the blessing. By saying ברוך הוא וברוך שמו one is tampering with the text that our sages instituted for the blessing. One should respond ברוך הוא וברוך שמו only to blessings that one hear but does not depend on for fulfilling one's own personal obligation, such as the Chazan's repetition of the Amidah. [1]

If someone did respond ברוך הוא וברוך שמו to a blessing that someone else recited for him, he has nevertheless fulfilled his obligation and should not recite the blessing again.

Similarly, if someone recited Kiddush and then spoke before tasting the wine, he must recite the blessing of HaGefen again.

Likewise, if someone recited Kiddush and all the wine spilled onto the floor before he tasted it, and another cupful of wine was brought to him, he needs repeat the blessing of HaGefen but not of the Kiddush. This is only so if he did not have intentions of drinking more wine after Kiddush. If he had in mind to drink more wine, he does not have to repeat any of the blessings. [2]

Furthermore, anyone else at the table who spoke, when neither he nor the person who recited Kiddush had yet tasted the wine must recite the blessing of HaGefen for himself in order to taste it. However, if the person who recited Kiddush had already tasted the wine, and then someone else spoke before tasting it himself, that person does not need to recite the blessing for himself in order to taste it. [3]


Sources:

[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 21; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 268; Kol Sinai, Sivan, 5763, p. 93. See also Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, English Edition, vol. 1, p. 228.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 271:15; Mishnah Berurah 271:77-79; Kaf HaChaim 271:98&100; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 58.

[3]. See Shulchan Aruch 271:15; Mishnah Berurah 271:76; See also Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, English Edition, vol. 1, p. 228.


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