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Women Eating Before Kiddush On Shabbat Morning

The Daily Halacha Moment - Women & Kiddush🍷

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


May women eat or drink on Shabbat morning before reciting Kiddush?


A woman who usually prays Shacharit and Mussaf does not have to recite Kiddush upon eating or drinking in the morning since the obligation of Kiddush only comes into action after Mussaf, just as the case of a man (men may not eat before shacharit since one needs to pray before one can eat).

A woman who usually does not pray Shacharit in the morning (because she must watch her kids), may also eat before reciting Kiddush in the morning, but if she is going to eat mezonot, then she should have in mind to fulfill “kiddush” through the berachah on the mezonot. [1] It's good to note, Sephardic women may chose which prayer they want to recite as mentioned in a different Halacha Moment. [2] The Ashkenazic custom is that women should pray at least shacharit and mincha. [3]


[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 167. Even though this is normally not permitted for a man, for several reasons, a woman may be more lenient in this matter. Furthermore, there are even opinions (see Ashrei HaIsh, vol. 2, p. 61 and in Igrot Moshe, O.C., vol. 4, 101:2) who write that a woman’s obligation of Kiddush in the morning does not come into effect until her husband (or the head of the household) arrives back home from synagogue. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 572.

[2]. Rambam and Shulchan Aruch 106:1; Yechaveh Da'at vol. 3 Siman 7; Rambam Teffilah 1:1. See also Yabia Omer vol. 6 O.C. 17:3

[3]. Mishnah Berurah 106:4.

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