Accepting Shabbat Upon Lighting?

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Candles & Accepting Shabbat 🕯


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Does one accept Shabbat upon lighting the Shabbat Candles?


Answer:

The custom of Sephardim is that a woman does not have to accept upon herself Shabbat upon lighting the Shabbat candles. It is proper that at least once a year one should stipulate before reciting the berachah on the Shabbat candles that one is not accepting Shabbat upon lighting and may continue to perform melachah even after one has lit. [1]


Ashkenazim, however, follow the ruling of the Rama and once a woman lights the Shabbat candles, she has accepted upon herself Shabbat

automatically. [2]


Nonetheless, a man who lights Shabbat Candles all agree that he has not accepted Shabbat upon his lighting and is allowed to do Melachah until the time he officially accepts Shabbat. [3] (It is however praiseworthy for one to make a stipulation once a year that he's not accepting the Shabbat upon his lighting.[4])


Sources:

[1]. See Shulchan Aruch 263:10 and in the explanation of the Yabia Omer 2:16:19; 9:108:123; Yechaveh Daat 6:18; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 44; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 296; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 2, p. 178; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 356. See also Kol Sinai, Hadlakat Nerot 4.

[2]. Rama 263:10.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 193; Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 177; Yabia Omer, vol, 2 O.C. 16:10; 11:89:8.

[4]. Yabia Omer, vol, 2 O.C. 16:10; 11:89:8.


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