Taking A Haircut in Honor Of Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Haircut on Friday 💇


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

I heard it's a mitzvah to get a haircut on Friday is this true?


Answer:

Yes! It is a mitzvah to cut one’s hair in honor of Shabbat. [1] It permitted to do so even after the time of Minchah Ketanah. [2] However, If one is too busy to cut his hair on Friday, he may also do so on Thursday. [3]

Nonetheless, one does not have to get a haircut if his hair is still short, and one does not need one. [4]

Furthermore, even when Rosh Chodesh is on erev Shabbat, some people have the custom to refrain from taking a haircut. [5] However, even those who have this custom may cut their hair and shave

on erev Shabbat if they feel unkempt, and are doing so in honor of Shabbat. [6]


Furthermore, one may not take a haircut on Chol Hamoed, even if it is done for the honor of Shabbat. [7]


Sources:

[1]. Rama 260:1. See also Ravya, Shabbat, 197, p. 247; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 24.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 24. See also Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 470; ibid., vol. 15, p. 28 adds that if possible, one should pray Minchah first

if one wants to get a haircut after the time of Minchah Ketanah.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 24; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 57; Yechaveh Daat 4:20. See also in Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha, 2:14 and in Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 1, 2:13. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 24 who states that his father Maran Rav Ovadia Yosef Zatzal would always get his haircut on Thursday night.

[4]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 24.

[5]. Be’er Hetev 260:2; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 72:12; Mishnah Berurah 260:7; Kaf HaChayim 260:12; ibid.

251:18.

[6]. See Ashrei HaIsh, O.C., vol. 2, 1:23 which states that one should only refrain from cutting his hair on erev

Shabbat if he has a specific custom to refrain from doing so because of Rosh Chodesh. See also Aruch HaShulchan 260:6, which says that one who does not abide by the Tzavaat Rabbenu Yehudah HaChassid may cut his hair, and he will not be harmed if he does so. See also Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 253 and Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 28.

[7]. Shulchan Aruch 531:2; Birkei Yosef 531:1; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 31.


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